Physical Properties of the Most Important Metals

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The following tables list the physical properties of the most technically significant pure metals as well as carbon. The values given may vary considerably depending on the degree of purity and sometimes they are also difficult to determine. In compiling the data from the available literature we selected those that are currently the most probable. Some properties are anisotropic and vary with the crystalline structure of the metal. In those cases, whenever possible, we listed the value applicable to the poly-crystalline stage.

Table 1: Mechanical Properties of the Most Important Metals
Element/Metal Density 1

[g/cm³]

Modulus of

Elasticity 1[GPa]

Shear Modulus

[GPa]

Transvers Contraction Coeffic.
Aluminum 2.70 65 27 0.34
Antimony 6.62 56 20.4 0.28
Beryllium 1.85 298 150 0.12
Lead 11.36 14.5 6 0.44
Cadmium 8.65 57.5 29 0.30
Chromium 7.19 160 0.25
Iron 7.89 208 83 0.28
Gallium 5.91 9.6 0.46
Gold 19.32 79 28 0.42
Indium 7.31 11 0.45
Iridium 22.65 538 214 0.26
Cobalt 8.85 216 0.31
Carbon (Graphite) 2.1-2.3 5
Copper 8.95 115 48 0.34
Magnesium 1.74 46 18 0.28
Manganese 7.43 165 77 0.24
Molybdenum 10.21 347 122 0.30
Nickel 8.90 216 83 0.31
Niobium 8.57 113 39 0.38
Osmium 22.61 570 220 0.25
Palladium 12.02 124 51 0.39
Platinum 21.45 173 67 0.39
Mercury 13.55
Rhenium 21.04 480 215 0.26
Rhodium 12.41 386 153 0.26
Ruthenium 12.45 485 172 0.29
Silver 10.49 82 27 0.37
Tantalum 16.60 188 70 0.35
Titanium 4.51 120 43 0.34
Vanadium 6.10 136 52 0.36
Bismuth 9.80 33 13 0.33
Tungsten 19.32 360 158 0.30
Zinc 7.13 96 36 0.29
Tin 7.30 47 18 0.33
Zirconium 6.49 98 36 0.33
1 at 20°C

Table 2 Atomic Properties of the Most Important Metals
Table 3 Thermal Properties of the Most Important Metals
Table 4 Electrical Properties of the Most Important Metals

Atomic Properties of the Most Important Metals
Thermal Properties of the Most Important Metals
Electrical Properties of the Most Important Metals

References

Metals Handbook, Desk Edition: Chicago, IL, American Society of Metal, 1985

Landolt-Börnstein: Zahlenwerte und Funktionen. Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg, 1959

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 70th Edition: CRC Press., Inc. Boca Raton, Florida, 1989 - 1990

Fluck, E.; Heumann, K., G.: Periodensystem der Elemente. Weinheim: VCH-Verlagsgesellschaft, 1986

Kieffer, R.; Jangg, G.; Ettmayer, P.: Sondermetalle. Springer- Verlag, Wien-New York, 1963

Hering, E.; Schulz, W.: Physik für Ingenieure (Periodensystem der Elemente). Düsseldorf: VDI-Verlag, 1988

Degussa AG (Hrsg.): Edelmetall-Taschenbuch. Hüthig-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1995

Slade, P.; G. (editor): Electrical Contacts Principles and Applications. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York-Basel, 1999

Gerritsen, A.; N.: Metallic Conductivity in: Flügge, S.: Handbuch der Physik, Bd. 19, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg, 1956

Köster, W.; Franz, H.: Poisson,s Ratio for Metals and Alloys. Metallurg. Reviews 6 (1961)

Nesmeyanow, A., N.: Vapor Pressure of the Chemical Elements: Elsevier, Amsterdam-London-New York, 1963

Wyckoff, R., W., G.: Crystal Structures. Vol 1,New York, 1963